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On a hot water heating system. The heating system is split up into separate zones, heating different parts of your home, basically for every thermostat you have you will have a zone valve. (if your system uses zone valves some systems have a separate circulator pump for each zone) So if you have three thermostats in you home you should have three zone valves on you boiler.
If you have a garage unit heater that runs off your boiler then you will have
four (in some areas the unit heater zone is not controlled with a zone valve and
the water is allowed to flow freely) and if you have an indirect water heater
for your domestic hot water you will have 5.
Most zone valves run on 24 volts. There is a 24 volt transformer some place near or on your boiler that powers the zone valves.
Danger Changing a zone valve can be dangerous, you can be scalded, or electrocuted (they are not all only 24 volts) It is best to have a professional do it for you.
There are four major zone valve
manufactures. Taco, Honeywell, White Rogers, And Erie. There are others out
there, but I can't remember the last time I saw one that was not
manufactured by these companies.
This is what happens, you need heat so you turn on the thermostat this sends power to the zone valve, the zone valve opens, inside the zone valve is an end switch when the valve is opened this switch tells the aquastat relay that you are calling for heat it send power to the pump and the pump sends the hot water through the pipes to your base board or radiators. and you have heat.
The aquastat also regulates the temperature of the boiler water.
|This is just a simple bmp diagram of how they are wired|
|The Honeywell zone valve These valves have been around for a long time, and have changed over the years. But you can still (in most cases) replace the Head and the ball with out having to replace the body.|
|This is what it looks like apart, 4 bolts the flange with the ball and the body. The body on all the old Honeywell zone valves are the same as this new one (as far as for mounting the flange) now you will have to remove the old O ring from the old body and clean the body face up. now remove the O ring from the new body (be careful not to stretch it out of shape) and put it into the old body.|
|This is important, notice on one side of the body there are 2 dimples in the body and on the other side only one and the flange has dimples that will fit right in to the ones on the body this is so you don't put it in backwards. Make sure you line it up right. Now put the flange on the body, line up the dimples and put the 4 bolts on the same way you took them off. Tighten all four nuts evenly there should be no gaps around the whole thing. Now turn the water back on to make sure you have no leaks. Then line the head up with the post coming out of the flange and tighten the 2 screws evenly. Then (with the power off ) replace the wires just like the old ones came off. either yellow for either yellow and the same for the red if they are being used. If you are using "Erie" zone valves The black wires are the same as the yellow wires on a Honeywell zone valve.|
How to replace the power head.
This is an older one notice that it has two screws on the same
side. (it has 2 others on the bottom) this is the older style. To
replace the head on this you will have to turn the water off and
drain this pipe. But you will only have to do this once because the
new zone valve parts mount to this body.
||This is what the old head looks like when it is removed notice how it is all one piece the ball and flange are connected to the head.|
|This is the back of a new head.|
|This is the new body with out the head on it, notice it has 4 nuts on it, 2 of them are tapped and 2 have high points on them these have to go back the same way they came off.|
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